Career management is the combination of structured planning and the active management of one’s own professional career. Career management was first defined in a social work by Mary Valentich as the implementation of a career strategy (Valentich & Gripton, 1978). Career orientation refers to the overall design or pattern of one’s career, shaped by particular goals and interests and identifiable by particular positions that embody these goals and interests. Career strategy to the individual’s general approach to the achievement of career goals, and to the specificity of the goals themselves. Two general strategies are adaptive and planned. Career tactics are actions to maintain oneself in a diverse employment situation. Tactics may be more or less assertive,
The success of successful career management and the success of successful career management, including work / life balance, goal achievement and financial security.
A career includes all types of employment ranging from semi-skilled to skilled, and semi professional to professional. Careers have often been restricted to an employment contract, a profession or business firm for the entire working life of a person. In recent years, however, a career now includes changes or changes in employment during the future.
The following classification system is widely used:
- Development of overall goals and objectives,
- Development of a strategy,
- Development of the specific means (policies, rules, procedures and activities) to implement the strategy, and
- Systematic evaluation of the progress towards the achievement of the objectives / objectives to modify the strategy, if necessary.
Goals or objectives development
The career management process begins with setting goals / objectives. A relatively specific goal / objective must be formulated. This task is quite difficult when the individual lacks knowledge of career opportunities and is fully aware of their talents and abilities. However, the entire career management process is based on the definition of objectives. Utilizing career assessments can be a critical step in identifying opportunities and career paths that most resonate with someone. Career assessments can be taken from a quick and easy way to indepth. Regardless of the ones you use, you will need to evaluate them. Most assessments found today for free (although good) do not offer in-depth evaluation.
The time horizon for the achievement of the selected goals or objectives – short term, medium term or long term – will have a major influence on their formulation.
- Short-term goals (one or two years) are usually specific and limited in scope. Short-term goals are easier to formulate. Make sure they are achievable and relate to your career goals.
- Intermediate goals (3 to 20 years) tend to be more specific and more open ended than short-term goals. Both intermediate and long-term goals are more difficult to formulate than they are so many unknowns about the future.
- Long-term goals (Over 20 years), of course, are the most fluid of all. Lack of life experience and knowledge about potential opportunities and pitfalls make the formulation of long-term goals / objectives very difficult. Long-range goals / objectives, however, may be further modified by one of the following:
- Making career choices and decisions – the traditional focus of careers interventions. The changed nature of work in the future, and the need for more time.
- Managing career-related issues in the workplace , decision-making, life-stage transitions, dealing with stress, etc.
- Managing ‘boundaryless’ careers – a workstyle common among, for example, artists and designers.
- Taking control of one’s personal development – Employers need to take responsibility for their own development and maintain their employability.
Other elements include:
- Career change ( Ibarra 2003 ) ( Strenger 2008 )
Career planning is a subset of career management. Career planning applies the concepts of strategic planning and marketing to the care of one’s professional future. Career is an ongoing process and it needs to be assessed on a continuous basis. This process of re-assessing individual learning and development is called Career Planning. According to Mondy and Noe – “Career planning is an ongoing process of achieving individual goals and objectives”.
Importance of career planning
It is important to make your way to the future. It makes you aware of your strength and weaknesses and the skills that are required to achieve your goals in future.
A large proportion of our life is spent in achieving our career goals, so it is very important to make sure that you are well taken care of in the early years of your life. There are very few lucky people who are born with a clear mind and who knows what they want to do and where they see themselves in life ahead. But most of us are not sure what we want from life and we are very important to plan out things. This career plan is your life and your life, true meaning and purpose.
Process of career planning
The process of career planning is also known as career development and career development model. These steps help you in planning your career and deciding on your future. 
Once you have self-analyzed yourself, the second step that your attention is to fill the loopholes you have identified in the above step. By this we mean that you are in the position of being able to meet your goals and objectives. For instance, you may decide that you need training in the field. 
It could be that you are interested in painting but you are not aware of the fact that it is required for this field. Or there can be a case where you are interested and well aware of how well you are doing.
- A thorough research self-development
Once you have listed the careers that are favorable in your case and the skills that are required by you in order to achieve excellence the third step requires an intensive research and research skills that are required to make you champion in that. You are looking for:
- What is the scope of the career you have chosen?
- Will that career pay you off in the future?
- Is there room for expansion in that career field?
- Come up with action form
Once you have researched the feasibility of the fact that you have finalized in above steps, the next step is to show some action and your plans on a piece of page. This step requires you to make a plan of action. The best way to come with an action plan is to come up with small goals for oneself. These goals are achieved, we can not wait This small step acts as a way to the hand
Once you are done with small goals and the right hand, the next step is your plans. Keep in mind that you are sure that you are going to make sure that you are going to be successful!
- Career Development
- Job interview
- Jump up^ The Career Planning Process Step-By-Step By Dawn Rosenberg McKayhttp://careerplanning.about.com/cs/choosingacareer/a/cp_process.htm
- Jump up^http://www.careercentre.dtwd.wa.gov.au/careerplanning/Pages/CareerPlanning-4StepPlanningProcess.aspx