School-leaving age

The school leaving age is the minimum age of an institution of compulsory secondary education . Most countries have a minimum wage rate of full employment, thus allowing for a smooth transition from employment to employment.

In contrast, there are several countries in the world, such that they have several years of legal age. Countries which have their employment in the age of 5 years old, but are still in the family.

Leaving age by country

Some countries have different causes, but in certain countries like China and Japan, the average age at which people graduate is 15, depending on part-time or full-time learning or employment. The table below shows the number of children in each age group and their respective countries. All information is taken from the Right to Education Project’s table unless otherwise indicated. [1]

Legend

Color legend Ages legend
School leaving age higher
0 denotes education is not compulsory. (13) denotes part-time employment available from 13
Employment age higher
0 denotes no minimum employment age as children could be, in theory, employed from birth
Both ages synchronized
 denotes no information available
No information / No age set
denotes the age set is unknown

Africa

# Country De jure Education /
Employment gap
year Notes
School leaving age Employment age
 algeria 16 0 2011
 angola 12 14 2 2010
 Benign  ? 14 2005
 botswana  ? 15 2004
 Burkina Faso 16 15 -1 2009 .
 Burundi 12 16 4 2010
 cameroon 14 0 2001
 Cape Verde 16 14 -2 2001
 chad 15  ? 2007
 Comoros 14  ? 1998
 Congo 16 0 2006
 egypt 14 0 2010
 eritrea 13 14 1 2007
 Ethiopia  ? 2005
 Gabon 16 0 2001
 gambia  ? 2000
 Ghana 15 12 -3 2005
 guinea 16 0 2012
 Kenya  ? 2006
 Libya 15 0 2002
 Madagascar  ? 14 2010
 Malawi  ? 14 2008
 mozambique  ? 15 2009
 Morocco 13  ? 2003
 namibia 16 14 -2 2011
 Niger 16 14 -2 2008
 Nigeria 15  ? 2009
 Rwanda 16 0 2012
 Senegal 16 15 -1 2006
 seychelles 15 0 2011
 Sierra Leone 15?  ? 2006
 South Africa 15 0 2011 A child between the ages of 15 and 18 can only be employed if he or she has completed grade nine . [2]
 sudan  ? 14 2010 Includes South Sudan
 tanzania 13? 14 2005
 Togo 15 14 -1 2010
 tunisia 16 0 2008
 uganda  ? 2004
 zambia  ? 2002
 Zimbabwe  ? 1995

Americas

# Country De jure Education /
Employment gap
year Notes
School leaving age Employment age
 argentina 18 14 -4 2009
 barbados 16 16? 1997
 belize 14 0 2004
 bolivia 16 14 -2 2009
 brazil 17 15 -2 2010 Schooling is mandatory for children 6-16 (years 1-9 in the new Brazilian school system). After that, there is no legal obligation to stay in school.Students Who want to Qualify for university admission must HOWEVER full three additional years (10-12 years) of secondary school ( ensino medio ), THUS Normally leaving school at age 17 or 18, DEPENDING on one’s birthday date. The minimum age for legal work is 17; at 15, one is allowed to have an apprenticeship contract.
 Canada 16 or 18 depending on province 16 2014 [3]
 chile 18 15 -3 2005 Students finish their secondary education ( Educación Media in Spanish) at age 18, and working is legal only if the underaged employee (age 17 or younger) is allowed by legal guardian or parents,
 colombia 15 14 -1 2005
 Costa Rica  ? 15 2010
 Cuba 16 0 2010
 dominica 16 12 -4 2004?
 Dominican Republic 18 21 3 2007?
 grenada 14 0 2009
 guyana 15 0 2003
 Haiti  ? 15 2002
 jamaica 14 12 -2 2003
 mexico 15 0 2014
 paraguay 14 0 2009 Since the introduction of the Education Reform in 1993, the basic education is for a period of nine years to the age of 15.
 peru 16 18 2 2009 (Work is legal at 15.16 if it is authorized by legal guardian or parents)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 16 0 1997
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  ? 14? 2001
 suriname 10? 14 2005
 Trinidad and Tobago 12 0 2004
 United States 16-19 * 14-18 * 2010 The school leaving age varies with the age of 16 or 17, but a handful having a leaving age of above that number. [4] Students who complete a certain level of secondary education (“high school”) may take a standardized test and be graduated from compulsory education, the General Equivalency Degree . Gifted and talented students are also permitted to accelerate their education. Young people may seek employment at 14 in many states.However, it is common for those aged 14 (and even younger) to gain employment in agriculture.
* Varies by State or Territory
 Uruguay 14 15 1 2006
 Venezuela 14 0 2007

Asia

# Country De jure Education /
Employment gap
year Notes
School leaving age Employment age
 afghanistan  ? 15 2010
 armenia  ? 14 2011
 azerbaijan  ? 15 2005
 bahrain 15 14 -1 2010
 bangladesh 10 14 4 2008
 Brunei  ? 14? 2003 Compulsory Education in Brunei from Primary Education to Secondary Education. Tertiary Education is encouraged.
 Burma  ? 13 2011 De facto none
 cambodia  ? 15 2010
 china 15 16 1 2012 Compulsory education lasts 9 years. School leaving age is calculated under the assumption that pupils will enroll in school at age 6 or graduate high school at age 18.
 Georgia 14 16 2 2007
 india 14 14? 2003 The government is making a law of compulsory education up to 14 years. Any person who wishes to continue his education can continue to work.
 Hong Kong, China 15 16 1 2012
 indonesia 15 14 -1 2010? The school leaving age varies among the provinces with most ages leaving the age of 15.
 Iran 16 15 -1 2003?
 iraq  ? 15 1996
 Israel 18 14 -4 2011? The age of employment has been lowered, the school leaving age raised.
 japan 15 0 2009 The vast majority (> 90%) of Japanese students complete senior secondary education.
 jordan 16 0 2006
 lebanon 12 13 1 2005
 mongolia 17 14 -3 2009
Nepal  ? 14 2004
 North Korea 16 0 2008
 South Korea 15 0 2011 The vast majority of Korean students complete their self-satisfaction, despite the aging age. Government assistance is available to families.
 kuwait 15 14 -1 2012
 malaysia 17 14 -3 2006? Primary school is compulsory, followed by secondary school. 17 is the school leaving age; The results of this study are based on the results of Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia’s results for tertiary education. 14 is the minimum employment age. Under-aged people are not allowed to be employed or they risk fine by the Ministry of Human Resources .
 Maldives  ? 14 2006
 Pakistan 10 14 4 2009? Although the minimum age of employment is 10 years or 7 years of age, the minimum age of employment is 14 years.
 philippines 18 15 -3 2015 The implementation of the K-12 program (see Education in the Philippines ) also reported the rise of the school leaving age to 18.
 Saudi Arabia 15 0 2010? A student may leave school after the age of 15 Otherwise, the student must complete school age 18. The employment age in a part-time job or during school holidays is 15.
 singapore 16 15 -1 2010? Primary school is compulsory, followed by secondary school. 16 is the school leaving age; One of the results of the Singaporean GCE ‘O’ , Junior colleges, Institute of Technical Education , or work. 15 is the minimum employment age. Under-aged people are not allowed to be employed or they risk fine by the Ministry of Manpower .
 Sri Lanka 16 0 2014 For further information http://www.moe.gov.lk/sinhala/images/publications/Education_First_SL/Education_First_SL.pdf
 syria 15 0 2010
 taiwan 18 0 2010?
 tajikistan 16 14 -2 2009
 thailand 15 0 2011 Matthayom 6, matriculation or other forms of pre-employment university education.
 United Arab Emirates 18 21 3 2001
 uzbekistan 18 16 -2 2012
 Vietnam 18 15 -3 2011? Junior high schools are now compulsory, but in some mountainous regions, many children leave schools to help their parents. The government is trying to reduce that happening. Children must be at least 15 to be legally employed.
 Yemen  ? 14 2004

Europe

# Country De jure Education /
Employment gap
year Notes
School leaving age Employment age
 andorra 16 0 2001
 austria 15 0 2011
 belarus 15 14 -1 2010
 belgium 18 15 -3 2009? Full-time education is compulsory from the age of 6 to 15. From the person’s 16th birthday, they are obliged to pursue a minimum part-time education so they have a choice between full-time or part-time education.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina  ? 15 2011
 bulgaria 16 0 2007
 croatia 15 0 2003
 cyprus 15 0 2011
 Czech Republic 15 0 2010
 denmark 16 13 -3 2010
 England 18 13-15 (part time light work) 16+ (full time) 2015[5] Full-time employment is illegal before the last Friday in June of Year Eleven Even If the child is already 16. [6] Part-time employment from May be Undertaken 14 and in some cases, for example Delivering newspapers, at 13. Rules coming to be in the field of education and training in the field of young people. 18. Young people aged 16 or 17 may leave school if they enter training or an apprenticeship .
 estonia 15 0 2002
 finland 16 15 -1 2010 Citizens must complete comprehensive school. The age of finishing in the age of retirement (mostly 7) and years held back. Pupils who have not finished comprehensive school by the age of 17 (which is marginal) may quit school. Post-secondary (tertiary) education is voluntary.
 la France 16 0 2010 There are, however, a few specific cases where young people may enter employment before the age of 16, such as employment in the parents’ company, sporadic work, or young people who have left school early taking up an apprenticeship at 15, to name a few. [7]
 germany 18 (15) -3 2003 18. [8] The Federal Youth Employment Protection Act ( Jugendarbeitsschutzgesetz ) regulates the minimum employment age, which is set at 15. [9]However, from the person’s 15th to their 18th birthday, They are Obliged by state law to Pursue au moins part-time vocational secondary education, usually dans le German dual education system . Some german students leaving school at 17 and 6 months
 greece 15 0 2011
 hungary 16 0 2005
 iceland 16 0 2010
 ireland 16 (14) -2 2000 The minimum age is 16, for which it is 18. [10] [11] The minimum working ages are: 14 during school holidays; 15 during term time; 16 for working up to 40 hours per week and 8 hours per day; 18 working with no age-based restrictions. [10] [12] Employees under 18 must be registered. [12] Exemptions may be specified by the Minister for Jobs ; this has been done for close. [12] [13]
 italy 16 0 2010
 latvia 15 0 2005
 liechtenstein 15 0 2005
 lithuania 16 0 2011
 luxembourg 18 0 1997
 Macedonia 18 15 -3 2009? Compulsory secondary education starts year 2008 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 49 from 18 April 2007).
 malta 16 0 2012 Although the education is growing at 16, they are increasing their studies while taking up part-time employment.
 moldova 16 15 -1 2008
 Monaco 16 0 2012
 Montenegro 15 0 2010
 Netherlands 18 13 -5 2014 Education is compulsory from the age of 5 to 18. Secondary education is divided in Several levels, with vmbo students Typically graduating at age 16, havo students at 17 and vwo students at 18. After Obtaining a havo or vwo diploma, the student is no to go to school regardless of age. Except those students who have done vmbo, they must have a level 2 or higher diploma before quitting school.Also, if they’re refugees or new, have to wait school. Not attending school with-out proper reason for example; sickness or a doctor visit, is illegal and is seen as wagging which is seen as fraudulent and punishable by law. Until the age of 12 years, you can be responsible for wagging. Punishments can be done as a fine, temporary jail time or a community service job done under supervision. Fines can be up to € 3,900 00. These punishments can be given to the student and / or parent or guardian.
 Netherlands Antilles 15 12 -3 2010?
 norway 16 15 -1 2009
 Northern Ireland 16 (15) -1 2014[14]
 poland 18 16 -2 2002 After graduating from Gimnazjum (usually at the age of 15 or 16), this requirement can be met through “education during employment” without attending a school. This can be done as a part of employment, so technically the person leaves school and works full-time.
 Portugal 18 16 -2 2009
 romania 18 15 -3 2008?
 russia 15 0 2004
 San Marino 16 0 2003
 Scotland 16 (13) -3 2013[15] Compulsory education ends usually partner after the age of 16 qui est Generally after- fourth year though for Some is halfway through fifth yearusually. However, many students stay on the fifth and / or sixth year, where qualifications are earned for entry to university . Restrictions apply to working hours of those 13 to 16 year (ie, maximum hours, work permits, type of work) to ensure that employment fits round requirements of full-time education.
 serbia 14 15 1 2007
 Slovakia 16 (14) -2 2006? From 14 to 17, only part-time jobs allowed.
Student can leave school after 10 years of school attendance (usually 16 years) or when first school year after his / her 16th birthday is finished (whatever comes first). Most students continue to study in the last year of high school.
 slovenia 15 0 2012
 Spain 16 0 2009
 sweden 16 0 2004
switzerland 15 0 2001
 Ukraine 17 16 -1 2010
 Wales 16 (14) -2 2013[16] Full-time work starts at 16.

Oceania

# Country De jure Education /
Employment gap
year Notes
School leaving age Employment age
 australia 15 or 17 14.5 1 2011 The minimum ages will be the following:
Northern Territory – 15;
ACT – 15;
South Australia – 17;
Queensland – 17;
Students must stay in school until they turn 16 years of age or complete Year 10, which ever comes first. From there they must be “learning or earning” which means they must work at least 25 hours a week, or be in full time education or be in a combination of both part time employment and part time education that adds up to at least 25 hours a week until they turn 17 or complete Year 12 or equivalent, which ever comes first.
Victoria – 17;
Western Australia – 15;
NSW – 17 (if they want to do so they need to work at least 25 hours per week or at TAFE studying until they turn 17);
Tasmania – 17.
 fiji  ? 12 1996
 Marshall Islands 14 18 4 2005
 FS Micronesia 14  ? 1996
 New Zealand 16 0 2010 Those at least 15 may leave school with permission from the Ministry of Education.
 Papua New Guinea  ? 2003
 palau 17  ? 2000
 Solomon Islands  ? 12 2002

School retention by country

Country 2009
OECD [17]
1986
Michael Hill [18]
 % -age in
full-time
education
(aged 15-19)
 % -age in
full-time
education
(aged 17)
Minimum
leaving
age
required
 australia 78 50 15
 austria 84 N / A N / A
 belgium 91 86 16
 brazil 70 N / A N / A
 Canada 80 79 15/16
 Czech Republic 93 N / A N / A
 denmark 89 75 16/17
 estonia 89 N / A N / A
 finland 90 91 17
 la France 90 80 16
 germany 93 100 16
 greece 88 55 14.5
 hungary 93 N / A N / A
 iceland 88 41 15
 ireland 83 N / A N / A
 Israel 69 N / A N / A
 italy 84 46 14
 japan 91 15
 luxembourg 95 N / A N / A
 mexico 61 N / A N / A
 Netherlands 90 87 16
 New Zealand 73 54 15
 norway 81 76 16
OECD average 84 N / A N / A
 poland 94 N / A N / A
 Portugal 85 N / A N / A
 Slovak Republic 91 N / A N / A
 slovenia 94 N / A N / A
 Spain 80 53 14
 sweden 88 86 16
switzerland 85 83 15/16
 turkey 56 N / A N / A
 United Kingdom 78 49 16
 United States 85 89 17

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