United States Employment Service

The United States Employment Service ( USES ) is an agency of the federal government of the United States responsible for “assisting coordination of the state public employment services in the field of labor and employment “. this quote needs a quote ]

In around 1890, both the United States and the European Communities created government-funded employment offices to provide employment for unemployed unskilled laborers . These services proved to be unsuccessful. according to whom? ] In 1933 During the Great Depression , with the Wagner-Peyser Act , the USES Was Reinstated “to set minimum standards, develop administrative uniform and statistical procedures, publish employment information, and Promote a system of” clearing labor “between states.” [ 1] Then President Franklin D. Roosevelthad created many government-funded work projects to help boost the economy and the USES was responsible for hiring the workers on those projects. The USES was originally operated in a few states by World War II , it was operating in all states and played a major role according to whom? ] providing jobs during the war. In the United States home front during World War II , the service co-ordinates employment of prisoners of war (eg, using German POWs at Gettysburg for local pulpwood cutting ). [2]

Like many labor organizations of its time, the USES has a belief in racial equality in the workplace, yet it provides fewer jobs for its African American workers. Historian Eric Arnesen from the University of Illinois argues that, “the agency claims its general opposition to racial discrimination,” it refers to “African Americans” to “defense training courses,” or “youth work-defense projects.” In fact, the central administration encourages its branches, especially in the South, to require the use of accommodative discrimination. ” [3] In the Bureau of Agricultural Economicsinstructional manual for the USES during wartime from the 1940s, it reads that the USES policy was, “to make all referrals without regard to race, color, creed, or national origin except when employing order includes these specifications which the employer is not willing to eliminate, and to use the term of employment in the context of employment and employment, or to employ a particular national or local employment interviewer shall ascertain whether or not it has any restrictive specifications. ” [4]

See also

  • Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (HR 803, 113th Congress)
  • Employment and Training Administration


  1. Jump up^ Gale Encyclopedia of US History: US Employment History
  2. Jump up^ “Staying at some camps was not fun and games” . Good Ol ‘Days . January 12, 2007 . Retrieved 2011-03-18 .
  3. Jump up^ The Human Tradition in American Labor History by Risa L. Goluboff Edited by Aric Arnesen
  4. Jump up^ Study 49, at 22, 23, Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE), Division of Program Surveys, Project Files, 1940-1945, National Archives, Record Group 83; Gunnar Myrdal et al., An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1944), 417-18 (quoting instructional manual)

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