Equal employment opportunity

Equal employment opportunity is equal opportunity in employment . The United States Employment Opportunity Commission , which is established by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to assist in the protection of United States employees from discrimination. [1] The law is the first federal law to protect the employment of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin (Public Law 88-352, July 2, 1964, 78 Stat 253, 42 USC Sec 2000e and seq.). [2]Employment discrimination, as well as firing, hiring, promotion, transfer or employment, and discrimination in employment, or classification. The Title is relevant in the case of businesses that have fifteen or more employees. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is section 705 of the title. [3]

Equal employment opportunity was further enhanced when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11246 on September 24, 1965, created to prohibit federal contractors from discriminating against employees on the basis of sex , creed, religion, color, or national origin.

“Protected classes,” including the following:

  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 HAS protected Those aged 40 and over goal does not protect Those under the age of 40. [4]
  • The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 protects patients who possess, or are thought to possess, a wide range of disabilities, ranging from paraplegia to Down syndrome to autism . However, it does not require an employee to employ an employee who would like to have a “hard job” on his business (for example, a paraplegic can not work on a construction site, and a blind person can not be a driver ). [5] Similar protections-have-been in place for Federal employees and customers of federal agencies and contractors since 1973 under the Rehabilitation Act .
  • The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 prohibits discrimination on the basis of family history and genetic information. [6]
  • The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 forbids discrimination on the grounds of a worker’s military history, including any effects that the battlefield might have had on the worker’s psyche.
  • Twelve states, over one hundred local governments, and the District of Columbia [7] have passed statutes that prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation; also, the Employment Non-Discrimination Act would make the case, but this bill has yet to pass Congress. [8]

The executive order also requires contractors to implement affirmative action plans to increase the participation of women and men in the workplace. Pursuant to federal regulations, affirmative action plans, an analysis of the current work force, identification of problem areas , support for community action programs, and the establishment of an internal audit and reporting system.

See also

  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Department of Fair Employment and Housing
  • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Equal opportunity


  1. Jump up^ “US EEOC Home Page” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .
  2. Jump up^ “Federal Equal Employment Laws, Cases and Resources” . Archived from the original on November 24, 2010 . Retrieved November 17, 2010 .
  3. Jump up^ Levine, Marvin J .; Montcalmo, Anthony J. (December 1, 1971). “The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: Progress, Problems, Prospects” . Labor Law Journal . 22 (12): 741-779 . Retrieved 2015-09-25 .
  4. Jump up^ “Age Discrimination; EEOC” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .
  5. Jump up^ “Disability Discrimination; EEOC” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .
  6. Jump up^ “Genetic Discrimination; EEOC” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .
  7. Jump up^ “Ending job discrimination for all Americans based on sexual orientation & gender identity” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .
  8. Jump up^ “THOMAS: Library of Congress, HR 3017” . Retrieved March 8, 2010 .

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