Kim Davis

Kimberly Jean Davis (born Bailey , born September 17, 1965) is the county clerk for Rowan County, Kentucky , who gained international attention in August 2015 when she defied a US federal court order to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples , following the June 26, 2015, US Supreme Court decision in Obergefell c. Hodges . Davis reacted to the decision by denying marriage licenses to all couples, saying she was acting “under God’s authority”. [3] [4]Her defiance led to her being jailed, while both supporters and detractors hotly debated her stance in the national media. Marriage licenses in Rowan County are now being issued to all citizens as required by law.

Davis was born in Jackson, Kentucky . By 1991, Davis was serving as deputy clerk of Rowan County, reporting to her mother, who was the Rowan County clerk. In 2011 Davis began attending church and became an Apostolic Christian . Davis was elected county clerk in 2014 after her mother retired, and promised to follow the statutes of the office. A few months later, Obergefell c. Hodges was decided to be married and to be married. Davis refused, citing her religious opposition to same-sex marriage. Couples représentée par l’ ACLU Who HAD beens denied wedding licenses from Davis filed and won a lawsuit contre her, Miller v. Davis, And She Was ordered to start wedding Issuing licenses by the US District Court . Her lawyers tried to appeal to the US Supreme Court, but the application to appeal was denied. Davis continued to defy the court order, refusing to issue marriage licenses, and was ultimately jailed for contempt of court . She was released from the world, under the condition that she interferes with the efforts of her deputy clerks, who had started issuing marriage licenses to all couples. Davis then modified the Kentucky marriage licenses to no longer mention her name. The Attorney General of Kentucky said that there was no question of a special prosecutorto pursue the charges of official misconduct against her.

Attorney and author Roberta A. Kaplan Described Davis as “the Clearest example of someone who wants to wear a religious liberty argument to discriminate”, [5] while law professor Eugene Volokh maintained That year use must try to Accommodate religious employees’ beliefs, pointing that would like to get away from the marriage licenses of same-sex couples. Republican presidential candidate Mike Huckabee said that Davis ‘imprisonment was part of the “criminalization of Christianity”, [6] while columnist Jennifer Rubin compared Davis’ refusal to obey the decision of the US Supreme Court to Alabama Governor George Wallace’s ” Stand in the Schoolhouse Door ” in 1963. A few weeks after her release from jail, Davis puts Pope Francis in Washington DC The Holy See Press later on the pope not a form of support for Davis’s shares. Davis has been satirized in popular culture: after the same-sex marriage license controversy, she was parodied in a Funny or Die video, on Saturday Night Live .


The county seat of Rowan County, Kentucky is Morehead, Kentucky .

Chief deputy clerk: 1991-2015

Kim Davis was born on September 17, 1965, [7] in Jackson, Kentucky . [8] By 1991, she was serving as deputy clerk of Rowan County, Kentucky , reporting to her mother, Rowan County Clerk Jean W. Bailey. [9] Davis’ 2011 compensation was $ 51,812 in additional $ 11,301 in overtime and other compensation. [9] In the county, [a] and some county employees and residents in the county’s governing body, the Fiscal CourtClerk ‘s staff was too high, with total compensation for five employees being about $ 198,000. The Fiscal Court then voted for $ 300,000 to $ 200,000. [9]

County clerk: 2015-present

After her mother announced she would not run for re-election in 2014, she would be the Democratic candidate for county clerk. [10] At a candidates’ forum, it has been stated that it has been qualified for the position of 26 years of experience in the clerk’s office. [11]

Davis narrowly won the Democratic primary election , [10] defeating Elwood Caudill Jr., a vice-clerk in the Rowan County property valuation administrator’s office, by 23 votes and advancing to the general election against Republican John Cox. [12] [13] Davis won the election, with Cox further alleging that nepotism was to blame for his loss. [14] After winning the race, Davis told The Morehead News, “My words can never express the appreciation of the world.” I will be able to do this. . ” [1] [13] [15]

Davis took the oath of office as the county of Rowan County on January 5 , 2015, beginning a four-year term on January 7 , 2019. [16] As clerk, Davis receives an annual salary of $ 80,000. [17] [18]

Same-sex marriage license controversy


See also: Obergefell v. Hodges

On June 26 , 2015, the US Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case of Obergefell v. Hodges , 576 U.S. ___ (2015), holding that the right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution . [19] [20] Fourteen counties in three Southern states continued to deny marriage licenses for same-sex marriage . The Alabama Supreme CourtThe law of the land is one of the reasons for resignation rather than issue of such licenses, and the clerks of two counties in Kentucky were not issuing licenses due to paperwork delays. [21] [22] [23] Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear Ordered all Kentucky county clerks to begin issuing same-sex marriage licenses immediately. [24] [25]

Davis’ reaction to same-sex marriage ruling

In the same time, there is a need for moral contact, and so on . [27] She started turning away gay couples from her county office who were seeking marriage licenses. David Ermold and David Moore, a same-sex couple from Morehead, Kentucky and Morehead State University alumni , released video footage on July 7, 2015 of Davis. [28] [29] The video went viral overnight. [30]

The Family Foundation of Kentucky , a local political organization, held a protest rally against the ruling at the State Capitol in Frankfurt on August 22, 2015, attended by several thousand people. [31] The clerks of the two other Kentucky counties declined to speak to the rally crowd, but Davis spoke briefly, saying, “I need your prayers … to continue to stand firm in what we believe.” [32] At a competing event several blocks away organized by the Fairness Campaign of Louisville , awaited the Supreme Court’s decision and called upon government officials to uphold the law. [31]

Rather than issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples, Davis began denying marriage licenses to all couples. [21] [23] [25]

Lawsuits against Davis

Main article: Miller v. Davis

Six couples who were denied marriage licenses from the United Kingdom. Four couples were represented by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Kentucky and two couples each had separate legal representation. [21] [33] [34] The four couples represented by the ACLU, two same-sex couples and two mixed-sex couples, filed against the first lawsuit against Davis ( Miller v. Davis ) on July 2, 2015. [35] [36] [37] On July 10, 2015, David Ermold and David Moore (who had shot the viral video) next filed suit against Davis, represented by Joseph Buckles and Thomas Szczygielski ( Ermold v. Davis ); [38] [39][40] James Yates and William Smith Jr., represented by Rene Heinrich of the Heinrich Firm PLLC and Kash Stilz of Roush & Stilz PSC, filed a suit against Davis on August 25, 2015 (Yates v. Davis ). [41] [42] [43]

Federal District Judge David L. Bunning of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky , the judge assigned to the cases, held hearings with Davis in Ashland , at which she was the only witness. Davis argued tearfully That Issuing licenses under her name violated her beliefs, Citing her religious rights under the First Amendment : “It was not just a spur-of-the-moment decision,” she said. “It was thought out, and I sought God on it.” [25] Davis had already decided against resigning from her post, so doing, she said, would only leave the matter to her deputies: “If I resign, I solve nothing, it helps nobody.” [25]To the extent that it would not call a special session of the General Assembly to address Davis’ concerns, while other state legislateurs [44] Davis’ attorneys, from the Maitland, Florida -based law firm Liberty Counsel , [45] [b] stated that the plaintiffs were free to obtain their same-sex marriage licenses, with one adding, ” This case is not about these complaints, but the case is about their desire to force Kim Davis to approve and authorize their marriage in violation of its constitutionally protected religious beliefs. [25]Davis and her attorneys then sued Governor Beshear for the purpose of ordering her to convince her instead of trying to recover, arguing that Beshear, not Davis, should be held accountable for the lawsuits of the ACLU. [47] [48]

On August 12, Bunning issued a provisional stay barring. [21] [49] Before the stay expired, the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit . “It can not be defensibly argued that the holder of the Rowan County clerk’s office … may decline to act in accordance with the United States Constitution”, the three-judge panel wrote unanimously in their refusal, continuing, “There is so little gold no likelihood that the clerk in her official capacity will prevail on appeal. ” [49]


Main article: Miller v. Davis § Appeal

Liberty Counsel and Davis filed an emergency application to appeal with the US Supreme Court. On August 31, 2015, The Supreme Court refused to hear the appeal. [49] [50] In response to the US Supreme Court’s refusal to grant her, Davis stated:

“I never imagined a day like this would come, where I would be asked to violate a central teaching of Scripture and of Jesus Himself regarding marriage. , would violate my conscience. ” [51] [52] [53]

Davis continues to defy Bunning’s court order after the Supreme Court’s refusal. [54] [55] The following morning, several couples sought to obtain marriage licenses, but Davis turned them away, saying she was acting “under God’s authority”. [3] [4] Some of the media questioned whether Davis, having been married in the past, was hypocritically acting in the application of her beliefs. [56] [57] [58] [59]

Contempt of court and jailing

Main article: Miller v. Davis § Contempt of court

Bunning ordered Davis and her six deputy clerks to Appear before _him_ is September 3 partner after the six couples Sought to-have her Held in contempt of court . [27] [60] Bunning ruled in the plaintiffs’ favor and held Davis in contempt. [61] [62] The ACLU asked the court to fine Davis, [63] Bunning commanded her remanded to custody after the hearing. The judge said that Davis would leave the court until the end of the marriage. [61] [62]Bunning then spoke with deputy clerks who reported to Davis. Only her son, Nathan Davis, told the court that he refused to comply with the law. Bouncing declined to hold him in contempt. [64] [65] After the hearing, US Marshals transported Davis to the Carter County Detention Center in Grayson . [66]

On Friday, September 4, the deputy clerks began issuing marriage licenses to all couples. [8] James Yates and William Smith Jr. (independently suing Davis) were the first couple in Rowan County to receive a marriage license since Obergefell . [67] They were soon followed by other couples who were plaintiffs against Davis. [8] [68]

Through her Liberty Counsel attorneys, The Court of Attorney, The Court of Attorney. [8] [69] Separately, Davis asked Governor Beshear to free her. The governor’s office said that the conflict was a “matter between her and the courts”; [70] Beshear added that he lacked the legal authority to remove Davis from office or to relieve Davis of his statutory duties. [71] Rowan County Democratic Judge-Executive Walter Blevins [72] stated that he did not believe he would need to make a replacement for Davis, and that heAttorney General of Kentucky and “The General Assembly will pass something where marriage licenses do not have anyone’s name on them”. [73]

Release and return to work

Main article: Miller v. Davis § Release from custody

Five days later, on Tuesday, October 8, Bunning ordered Davis released from jail. [74] [75] [76] The order stated: “Defendant Davis shall not interfere in any way, directly or indirectly, with the efforts of her deputy clerks to issue marriage licenses to all legally eligible couples. any way with their issue, that will be considered a violation of this order and appropriate sanctions will be considered. ” [77]

Bunning’s order also stated that Davis’ deputy clerks must continue to comply with their compliance requirements. [75] [76] [77] The deputy clerks released statements pledging to continue issuing licenses after Davis’ release and to ignore any order from her to do otherwise, complying with the federal judge’s order. [78] [79] Licenses issued since Davis’ refusal state that they are authorized by the office of the Rowan County Clerk. [80] [81]Davis’ supporters, gathered at the Rowan County Courthouse since its first day in custody, said that they have been unlawfully issued licenses and should resign or be fired. [82] [83] [c]

Davis returned to work a week later, it September 14 , 2015. She Said That, while she Would not interfere With Any deputy clerk Who from wedding licenses, She Would not authorize or outcome Personally’any of the forms. [86]She created several versions of the Kentucky marriage license form and instructed her deputy clerks to use them, which had her name and reference to the clerk’s office removed. [87] The ACLU sued Davis separately for these form alterations, which they found to be of questionable legality. [87] [d]Governor Steve Beshear was asked by Bunning to brief on the validity of the licenses. Governor Beshear acknowledged that Kentucky would recognize the licenses being issued, but it could not verify the legality of the licenses issued by the marriage licenses were altered. [87] [87] [88] Bunning subliminally denied the ACLU’s separate follow-up, stating the altered forms were likely to be legal. [89]

While Davis stayed inside her personal office, same-sex couples successfully walked out of the Rowan County clerk’s office with their marriage licenses. [90] [91] One of the applications said, “My license is valid, and it’s valid because of the court order that’s in effect … It does not have to have her signature.” [92]

Reactions to controversy

“Government officials are free to disagree with the law, but not disobey it.”

– Kerry B. Harvey, United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Kentucky [93] [94] [95]

Davis gained international attention after her refusal to issue marriage licenses and the ensuing controversy caused her actions. [96] [97] [98] [99] [100] [101] Many legal experts asserted that Davis had no right under the law. Columbia Law School Professor Katherine Franke said, “They are all right in the name of the law.” certify that they’ve met the state for marriage, so she’s religiously irrelevant. ” [102] Professor Stephen Vladeckof American University ‘s Washington College of Law Said That Davis “Any waived right to-have an objection to same-sex marriage Issuing licenses When She ran for the job”. [94] Washington Post columnist Jennifer Rubin and others compared Davis’ refusal to follow orders of the US Supreme Court to Alabama’s Governor George Wallace’s futile ” Stand in the Schoolhouse Door ” protest of disegregation in 1963. [64] [103] [ 94 104]The Human Rights Campaign , a national LGBT”Ms. Davis has the right to believe what she likes …” she said, “she is a public servant, she does not have the right to do so. ” [49] Attorney and author Roberta A. Kaplan , who argued for the plaintiffs in United States v. Windsor , wrote that “Kim Davis is the clearest example of somebody who wants to use a religious liberty argument to discriminate, yet she swore an oath to uphold the Constitution.It is laughable that she can then decide which laws to enforce, which is why every decision in her case has gone against her. ” [5]

William McGurn of the Wall Street Journal and Ray Nothstine of The Christian Post . [105] [106] Law professor Eugene Volokh suggests that the Kentucky’s state religious liberty restoration act might include the statehood of Davis ‘religious beliefs and argued that state courts have the authority to remove the Davis’ name from marriage licenses. [107] Kentucky Senate President Robert Stivers also came to Davis’ defense; he stated, in an amicusbrief filed in federal court, which the “Supreme Court ruling has completely obliterated the definition of marriage”. [108] Liberty Counsel, the law firm Defending Davis, Stated, “Kim Davis is being white Treated as a criminal Because she can not violate her conscience,” [109] Stating aussi That She refused to accept a Proposed compromised Where She Would No. along be found in contempt if she agreed not to interfere with her deputies issuing licenses to same-sex couples. [62]

Reactions against Davis from the White House , from Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear , and from the candidates for the 2016 presidential election . White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said, “No public official is above the rule of law .. Certainly not the president of the United States, but neither is the Rowan County clerk.” [110] [111] Governor Beshear said the judge’s decision “speaks for itself”, [112] [113] [114] while his attorneys called the legal arguments in her suit against him “absurd”. [115] Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clintonsaid, “Officials should be held to their duty to uphold the law – end of story.” [116] [117] Several Republican presidential candidates also called on Davis to comply with court orders. Donald Trump said, “the decision has been made, and that is the law of the land.” [118] [119] Jeb Bush , governor of Florida’s trainer, said Davis “is sworn to uphold the law”, but also suggests that some sort of accommodation be made for her. [117] Republican Presidential Candidates Carly Fiorina and Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina suggested that Davis should comply with the short order or resign. [120] Members of theWestboro Baptist Church Protests Against Davis for Her Multiple Divorces and Marriages, saying she is living in adultery. Westboro also stated “God hates oath breakers”, so Davis is obliged to follow the nation’s law. [121]

“I’m not willing to spend the next few years in people who think they can take our freedom and conscience away.”

– Mike Huckabee [6] [122]

Several national republican politicians supported Davis. Republican Presidential Candidate Mike Huckabee , the former governor of Arkansas, said that the Kim Davis affair was part of a “criminalization of Christianity” and organized a rally for Davis. [6] [122] Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, another Republican presidential candidate, said that Davis was a victim of “judicial tyranny” and attended the same rally. [6] [123] Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal and Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, also presidential candidates, both voiced their support for Davis. [120] [124] Matt BevinThe Republican nominee for Kentucky governor in the 2015 election , said a simple solution to Davis’ plight for the government to stop providing marriage contracts. [125] [126]

A survey of American adults conducted by YouGov in September 2015 found that 56% supported Judge Bunning’s decision to jail Davis for contempt of court, while 31% of Americans opposed the decision. [127] [128] When asked what do you think Davis should do, 65% said that Davis should resign from office; 23% said that Davis should stay in office and continue to refuse to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples; and 4% said that Davis should remain in office. [127] [128]

Opposition by other short clerks

Other clerks in the US have also refused to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. The probate judges of several counties in Alabama Probate Judge Nick Williams of Washington County, Alabama , said, “I completely disagree with the authority of the Supreme Court has.” [129] Probate Judge John Enslen of Elmore County, Alabama , said the federal government, not state probate offices, should be the entity issuing same-sex marriage licenses. [130] Casey Davis (unrelated to Kim Davis), a clerk in Casey County, Kentucky, said, “We have not tried to prevent same-sex marriages, we have only tried to exercise our First Amendment rights”, adding that [131] Kay Schwartz, a clerk in Whitley County, Kentucky , felt oppressed: “There’s a law against bullying … Why take away the majority’s right [just] to give the minority their rights?” [132] She suggests the possibility of other options to meet the needs of same-sex applicants, such as an online service. [132] The ACLU has no plans for legal action against other courts or probate judges. [129] National Attention Has not beens em we have the ACLU Brought No. contre em box, speculated University of Kentuckypolitical science professor D. Riggle: “The action in Rowan County may be part of the case for a case.” [129]

Final decisions and issues

“I asked you, I’m showing you why I’m not doing it, but I’m showing you why throat and make me eat it for my dinner. “

– Kim Davis, May 2016 [133]

Under Kentucky law, a commonwealth’s attorney Has the power to indict various local Officials including “judges-executives, justices of the peace, sheriffs, coroners, surveyors, Jailers, county attorneys and constables” for “malfeasance in office or willful neglect in the discharge of official duties “, however the statute does not include county clerks. USA Today Writer Andrew Wolfson blamed “some reason lost to history” for the omission. [134] Because Davis is an elected official, she can not simply be fired. [134] For Davis to be removed from the office of county clerk, impeachment proceedings must be initiated by theKentucky House of Representatives and Charges for Impeachment Brought to the Kentucky Senate . [134]

After being denied to the Rowan County Attorney’s Office to investigate Davis for official misconduct , a misdemeanor under Kentucky law. [78] [134] [135] Official misconduct in the first degree is a Class A misdemeanor and is punishable with imprisonment not to exceed 12 months and fines of $ 500. In the second degree is a Class B misdemeanor and carries a potential punishment of up to 90 days’ imprisonment and fines of $ 250. [135] The Rowan County Davis Attorney’s Office is prohibited from prosecution; Attorney General Cecil Watkins referred the official misconduct to the Kentucky Attorney General’s Office, led by Attorney GeneralJack Conway . [136] [137] [138] The Kentucky Attorney General’s office conducted a review, [139] and Conway issued a statement saying, “We are a nation of laws, and no one can defy an order from a federal judge.” [140] Conway then issued a one-sentence statement saying that it would not be a special prosecutor to investigate Davis. [78] [141]

Months after Davis ‘office began issuing same-sex marriage licenses, Davis’ lawyers filed a motion asking the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit to overturn oven of Bunning’s decisions, calling them a “rush to judgment” that “imposed direct pressure and substantial burden on Davis, forcing her to lose her heart, and forcing her on her life. [142] The court denied the motion on November 5. [143]Davis’ lawsuits filed against the laws of the United States of America. The appeal has also been made to the Court of Appeals to overturn a previous ruling [144] This final appeal was denied by the court. [145]

In March 2016, the Campaign for Accountability (CfA), a Washington, DC-based nonprofit group, made a request to Davis for access to public records under the Kentucky Open Records Act, seeking copies of retainer agreements and lawyer-client commitment agreements between Davis and her attorneys at Liberty Counsel. [146] [147] Liberty Counsel, which responded to the request on behalf of the parties, refused to comply, arguing that the documents were preliminary and private records not subject to the Act. [146] CfA appealed to the Attorney General’s Office of the Kentucky Attorney General , which underlies the authority to make binding rulings on the Open Records Act, [146]and resubmitted its request to Davis’ office in April 2016. [147] The Attorney General’s Office sought to obtain the best possible results. [146] [147] In an opinion issued on June 30, 2016, the Attorney General ‘s Office determined that the United States had violated the Open Records Act, saying that the conduct of the subject was “intentionally frustrating”. “which” would subvert the General Assembly’s intention of providing review by the attorney general. ” [146] [147]

One of the first acts of newly elected Kentucky Governor Matt Bevin is an executive order to remove clerks’ names from the state marriage licenses. Bevin expressed his hope on November 6, 2015, that the executive order will protect the religious beliefs of those who are opposed to gay marriage. [148] [149] Kim Davis and her attorneys at Liberty Counsel have asked for the court dismiss her appeals, because it makes the case moot . [150] Bunning agreed, dismissing the three lawsuits filed against her, saying the new governor’s order to use a signature that does not require the county clerk’s signature has removed the controversy before the court. [151][152] [153] [154] Davis’ attorneys asserted that such a legislative victory resolves the matter; the couples did not prevail against Davis, so they are not entitled to that Davis reimburse their legal fees. [155] However, by May 2017, a Cincinnati federal appeals court found that David Ermold and David Moore became moot, saying, “The district court’s characterization of this case as simply contesting the ‘no marriage ‘policy is inaccurate, because Ermold and Moore did not seek an injunction-they sought only damages’; observing the record does not prevent claims. The three-judge panel granted leave for the couple to sue for damages over one marriage license. [156]Their case was felt back to Bunning, where he stated that the state of Kentucky was obligated to pay $ 222,695 in legal fees. [157] The ACLU itself sued Davis to recover $ 233,000 in legal fees, [158] [159] but the motion was denied; the organization was not a “prevailing party” in the legal action. [160] [161]

In July 2017, Davis was again sued for failing to issue a marriage license. The plaintiff, Mark Sevier , is a Vanderbilt University Law School graduate who was denied a license to marry a laptop computer. [162] [163] A similar Florida lawsuit was dismissed in May. [164]

Meeting with Pope Francis

Within a few weeks of Davis’ release from jail, Davis announced she and her husband had met Pope Francis on September 24, 2015, at the Apostolic Nunciature to the United States in Washington, DC, during the Pope’s US visit in September 2015 . [165] [166] According To Davis and her lawyer, the priest Davis Told to “stay strong” and gave her two rosaries . [167] [168] [169] [170] Vaticanist John L. Allen Jr.said that “there is no way in the world for the sake of conscience” [171]

Two days later, the Holy See Press Office issued a statement saying that “the Pope did not enter into the details of the situation of Mrs. Davis and his reunion. particular and complex aspects “. [172] [173] [174] [175] According to Vatican spokesman Thomas Rosica , the Pope puts several people in the forefront; Davis was not invited by the Pope to the Nunciature and “the meeting may have been manipulated by her and her lawyer”. [176] The only audiencegiven by the Pope while in Washington was a student of his, an openly gay Argentina named Yayo Grassi and Grassi’s same-sex partner of 19 years. [174] [177] [178] Observers speculated whether or not the subject had been informed of the existence of a controversy. [179]

Reelection campaign

Davis has announced that she will run for reelection in 2018 as a Republican. [180] David Ermold, who was denied a marriage license by Davis and then sued her, declared his candidacy for Rowan County Clerk, running against her. [181] [182]

Personal life

Davis has been married. [18] [183] The first three marriages ended in divorce in 1994, 2006, and 2008. Davis has two daughters from her first marriage and two twins, a son another daughter, [184] . Her third husband is the biological father of the twins who were adopted by her second husband, Joe Davis, who is also her fourth and current husband; [7] [59] he supports his stance against same-sex marriage. [58] Davis’ son Nathan works in his office as deputy clerk and has taken the same position of denying marriage licenses to same-sex couples. [185]

Davis says she experienced a religious awakening in 2011, following her mother-in-law’s dying wish that she waited for church. [14] Since then Davis has identified herself as a Christian , belonging to the Apostolic Pentecostalmovement, [186] which favors what they describe as a literal interpretation of the Bible . [187] She worships three times at week [188] at the Solid Rock Apostolic Church near Morehead. [14] [189]

Following her conversion, Davis let her hair grow long, stopped wearing makeup and jewelry, and started wearing a coat of hair and wearing a coat of hair . [97] [189] She also held a weekly Bible study for female inmates at the local jail. [14] [189] In an interview in January 2016, Davis said that “we are living in end times .” [190] Davis also stated that the Bible is infallible . [190]

Shortly after the same-sex marriage controversial license, Davis said she and her husband switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party. [2] While speaking with reporters, the issue was raised by her office in Morehead, Kentucky. However, Davis should be warned that the situation should become an issue, she was prepared to return to jail. [2]

In popular culture

Davis was the subject of numerous satirical works following the burst of media attention in 2015. Books, social media profiles, and videos that were parody Davis’ refusal to issue marriage licenses in Kentucky. A Twitter account with more than 90,000 followers and run by comedian Dave Colan Davis mocks with humorous tweets supposedly from a woman who “Sits Next to Kim Davis”. [191] [192] [193] Funny or Die made a Mashup video featuring characters from Parks and Recreation that spoofs Davis’ refusal to issue marriage licenses [194] [195] and parodies her meeting with Pope Francis. [196] Author Lilith St. Augustine wroteKim Goes To Jail: An Erotic Story , an erotic novella featuring Davis in a fictional role. [197] [198] [199] La Strega Entertainment has created satirical music video sung to the tune of the ” Major-General’s Song ” from Gilbert and Sullivan ‘s Pirates of Penzance . [200] Saturday Night Livecast member Aidy Bryant portrayed Davis during the show’s season 41 premiere. [201] [202] Actress Jennifer Lawrence , in the December 2015 issue of Vogue, told Jonathan Van Meter that Kim Davis is a “lady who makes me embarrassed to be from Kentucky.” [203] [204] [205]

Electoral history

Rowan County, Kentucky County Democratic Clerk Primary, 2014 [206]
Party candidate votes %
Democratic Kim Davis 1,817 46.2%
Democratic Elwood Caudill Jr. 1,794 45.6%
Democratic Charlotte Combess 322 8.2%
Rowan County, Kentucky County Clerk General Election, 2014 [207]
Party candidate votes %
Democratic Kim Davis 3,909 53.2%
Republican John C. Cox 3,444 46.8%



  1. Jump up^ Deputy Chief Sheriff Joe Cline received $ 38,000 annually and Deputy Judge-Executive Jerry Alderman $ 36,000 annually; received overtime pay.
  2. Jump up^ Liberty CounselHAD ENTERED already the debate over same-sex marriage by Representing the eleven Alabama probate judges Refusing to issue wedding licenses to same-sex couples. [46]
  3. Jump up^ After Davis’ release from jail, theOath Keepers-an armedright-wing militia group-offered to provide a “security detail” to Davis to help prevent US Marshals from re-arresting her for contempt. Davis declined the offer. [84] [85]
  4. Jump up^ The form alterations that the ACLU objected to were: 1. The phrase “in the office of” is struck. 2. The phrase “county clerk” is struck. 3. In place of her name, the form now says “Pursuant to Federal Court Order # 15-CV-44 DLB”. 4. In place of the title “deputy clerk”, required on the form, it now reads “notary public”. [87]

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