NEET gold neet is a young person who is “Not in Education , Employment , or Training “. The acronym NEET was first used in the United Kingdom but Japan , South Korea , Taiwan and the United States .

In the United Kingdom, the classification included people aged between 16 and 24 (some 16 and 17 year-olds are still compulsory school age); the subgroup of NEETs aged 16-18 is frequently of particular focus. In Japan, the classification included people aged between 15 and 34 who are not employed, not engaged in housework , not enrolled in school or work-related training, and not seeking work.

NEET is a newcomer of the NLFET rate used in the 2013 report on Global Employment Trends for Youth by the International Labor Organization . NLFET stands for “neither in the labor force nor in education or training”. It is similar to NEET but it excludes the unemployed youth (who are part of the labor force).


See also: Education in the United Kingdom and Youth unemployment in the United Kingdom

Knowledge of the word spread after it was used in 1999 by the Social Exclusion Unit (SEU). [1] Before this, the phrase “status zero” (or “Status Zer0”), which had a similar meaning, was used. Andy Furlong writes that the use of the term NEET became popular because of the negative connotations of having “no status”. [2] The classification is specifically redefined in other local governmentsuch as “those who have been working or are looking for a job,” or “unpaid holiday or traveling”; The acronym, however, has not been defined with respect to measurement, particularly in relation to defining economic inactivity. Karen Robson writes that the classification has “virtually usurped” discussions of “youth unemployment” in the UK literature “. [3]Scott Yates and Malcolm Payne say that it was a “holistic focus” on the NEET group by policy-makers which looked at the problems young people went through, but this changed the NEET status became framed in negative terms- “as reflective of A raft of risks, problems and negative orientations on the part of young people “. [4] NEET figures for England are published by the Department for Education (DfE). [5] The methodology used in the calculation of NEETs aged 16-18 is different from that used for those aged 16-24. The first links on a range of sources, the second on the Labor Force Survey . [6]

A 2007 report commissioned by the Prince’s Trust said almost a fifth of people aged 16-24 in England , Scotland , and Wales were NEETs; the proportion was lowest in Northern Ireland (13.8 percent). [7] The second-quarter figures for 2011 showed that 979,000 people in England between 16 and 24 were NEETs, accounting for 16.2 percent in that age group. [8] Between 1995 and 2008, the proportion of NEETs aged 16-18 in England was fairly stable at around 8-11 percent. [9] The Guardianreported in 2011 that, since 2003, there has been a decrease of 15.6% in 16-18 in employment, but a 6.8% increase in those in education and training. [10] NEET figures tend to peak in the third quarter, when school and university races are ending. [11]

There is some stigma attached to the term NEET. [12] Simon Cox of BBC News said the word is “the latest buzzword for teenage drop-outs”. [13] He says “Neets are more likely to be a teenage mum,” and that Barking and Dagenham has been called the country’s “Neet capital”. [14] David Smith of the Times calls them “the hanging over-off-licenses late in the night”. [15] According to Colin Webster, NEETs commit disproportionately large amounts of crime . Children with high levels of truancy and exclusions at school are likely to become NEETs. [16]

Several schemes and ideas have been developed to reduce the number of NEETs. One of the main goals of the Connections service, first piloted in 2001, is to reduce the number of NEETs. [4] Most local authorities have made a local area agreement to this end. [17] As part of the 2004 Spending Review , the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) had a public service agreement to reduce the proportion of NEETs from 9.6 percent in 2004 to 7.6 percent in 2010. [18] Introduced in 2004-2005 the UK-wide Education Maintenance Allowanceoffers a means-tested weekly payment of up to £ 30 to young people. [19] In 2007 the government implemented a “September guarantee” that guaranteed all-year-old school leavers a suitable learning place in September, extended to 17-year-olds the following year. [20] The “Young Person’s Guarantee” was announced in the 2009 budget , offering a guaranteed job, training, or work experience to 18-to-24-year-olds who have been on Jobseeker’s Allowance for six months; It was announced in the 2010 budget that the scheme would end in March 2012, an extension of one year. [21] The Education and Skills Act 2008, which was granted royal assent in 2008, will increase the school leaving age in England to 17 in 2013, and to 18 in 2015; the Act gives the National Assembly for Wales the option to raise the leaving age in that country. [22] A number of further education colleges seek to enroll NEETs. For example, it was reported in 2005 that it was reported for NEETs at Bournemouth and Poole College, which offered various sign-on incentives, and completion bonuses for a free iPod and £ 100 in cash. [14]

The Scottish Government limits the NEET classification to those aged 16-19. [23]


See also: Freeter
This section needs additional quotes for verification . Please help to improve this article by adding quotations to reliable sources . Unsourced material can be challenged and removed. (January 2010) ( Learn how to remove this template message )

NEET is a distinct social policy category from That of freeters , the classification For Those working low-wage part-time jobs, ALTHOUGH in practice Thousands of young people move entre thesis categories (ie, from the status of non-employed young person To That of one-time worker and back) each year.

The population prevalence of NEETs Japanese politicians expressed concern about the impact on the economy of growth in the NEET population. The estimated size rose from 480,000 in September 2002 to 520,000 in September 2003, according to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Other studies by the Japanese government in 2002 presented a much larger figure of 850,000 people. [24] NEETs produced by statistics depends greatly on the specific definition adopted; hence all figures should be treated with caution.

When the NEET was published in the Japanese media in 2004 and 2005, non-employed young people falling into this category were framed as lazy, work-shy and voluntarily out of employment. This media has been effective in Japan (conservative) middle age population, but it is only for moderate support for new youth policies. Indeed, the most promising solutions in the field of social media and politics, the most promising solutions to the NEET conundrum have been created by social entrepreneurs such as Kudo Kei and Iwamoto Mami rather than by MHLW policy-makers even scholars. [25]

Unlike most European countries, Japan’s unemployment benefit is limited to a limited number of years. Many NEETs in Japan are thus inevitably supported by their parents, but some of them have been identified as being supported by social enterprises, including many NPOs.

Some believe that Japanese NEETs include many who have rejected the accepted social model of adulthood. They are said to do not actively seek full-time employment after graduation, or further training to obtain marketable job skills through the governmental Hello Work schemes. This is often portrayed as a reaction against the traditional career path of the salaryman . Some experts attribute this to the extended economic stagnation during the 1990s, which led to high unemployment among young people (2.13 million by some estimates). Many freeters, who were nominally employed, became NEETs. However, these portrayals are based on biased media reporting and prevention of the empirical study of life-histories, support practices or broader social conditions. [quote needed ]

It is accurate to say that the system of living in the world of employment has not been completely disintegrated in the face of economic pressures from globalization . The availability of lifelong employment in a single company has become unrestricted, with those relegated to Japan’s peripheral labor force.

Professor Michiko Miyamoto describes the situation as a “breakdown of the social framework forged in an industrial society, by which young people become adults.” quote needed ]

Other countries

A 2008 Report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said 16-24 in the majority of OECD countries fell in the past decade, attributed to increased participation in education. [26]


A report by the OECD revealed that 580,000 young Australians fall under the classification. The report also reveals that the number of NEETs has become soar by 10,000 since the Global Financial Crisis and now account for one in eight Australians between the ages of 15 and 29. [27]


Statistics Canada in the United States of America. DESPITE the percentage being white the second lowest in the G7 nations, the total number of young Canadians That Were classified as NEETs Currently stands at 904,000.

The study also revealed that out of total 904,000 NEETs around 513,000 were not looking actively for jobs. The study also suggests that long-term unemployment is not necessarily better than disenchantment with the labor market. The study also revealed that 82% of young people in the labor force actually want to be placed in long-term employment. The study of the Canadian NEET population is a high risk, negative state. [28]


In 2013, a study from the Quebec Institute of Statistics (ISQ) also revealed that 200,000 young men and women were neither in employment, education or training in the province of Quebec. The NEET rate in the province (13.5%) is similar to the Canadian rate (13.2%). The report also states that the decrease of the NEET rate has not been observed since 1976. International comparisons were made using OECD data and showed that the province had a lower NEET rate than the OECD average, United States, France, UK. It also showed that the NEET rate was much lower in other countries such as Germany and Norway. [29] [30]

Iberia and Latin America

In Spain, Mexico, Argentina [31] and Uruguay, the term “ni-ni” (“neither-nor”) has become a popular equivalent of NEET. The term means ‘neither estudia nor trabaja’ (“neither studies, nor works”). In Portuguese there is the equivalent term “nem-nem”.

The term has become a controversial topic in Mexico, where the government feels that it may be considered to be more important to job or study. Some states and organizations in Mexico are creating work programs and scholarships to keep the NEET population away from drug cartels .

United States

Given the lasting harm Caused by the Great Recession , publications Such As Time -have items published discussing the number of Americans-have That qualified as NEETs, with Approximately 15% of Americans under the age of 25 have qualifying Such During the first quarter of 2011. Journalist Peter Gumbel wrote in late 2012 that NEETs are “especially prevalent in the US” and constitute a “marginalized group of young people” by US state and local government. [32]

See also

  • Disconnected youth
  • Emerging adulthood
  • ergophobia
  • hikikomori
  • Moonlight clan
  • Simultaneous recruiting of new graduates
  • Youth unemployment


  1. Jump up^ Robson, Karen. “The Afterlife of NEETs”. pp. 181-. In: Attewell, Paul; Newman, Katherine S. (eds) (2010). Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality Around the World. Oxford University Press.
    • Kraus, Katrin (2008). Work, Education and Employability . Peter Lang . p. 188.
    • For the report, see ” ” Bridging the gap: New opportunities for 16-18 year olds in education, employment or training ” ” (PDF) . (2.53 MB) . Social Exclusion Unit . July 1999. Accessed 25 August 2011. Archived 25 August 2011. 
  2. Jump up^ Furlong, Andy. “Not a very NEET solution representing problematic labor market transitions among early school-leavers” (subscription required). Work, Employment & Society 20(3): 553-569. September 2006.
  3. Jump up^ Robson,pp. 181-.
  4. ^ Jump up to:b Yates, Scott; Payne, Malcolm. “Not so NEET? A Critique of the Use of NEET in Setting Targets for Interventions with Young People”(subscription required) . Journal of Youth Studies 9 (3): 329-344. July 2006.
  5. Jump up^ “16- to 18-year-olds not in education, employment or training (NEET)”. Department for Education. 12 July 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011.Archived24 August 2011.
    • For a list of DfE publications about NEETs, see: “NEET” . Department for Education . Accessed 24 August 2011.
  6. Jump up^ ” ” Neet Statistics – Quarter Brief: August 2011 ” ” (PDF) . (202 KB). Department for Education. 24 August 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011.Archived25 August 2011. Seewebpage. 
  7. Jump up^ ” ” The Cost of Exclusion: Counting the cost of youth disadvantage in the UK ” ” (PDF) . (1.57 MB). The Prince’s Trust. April 2007. p. 13. Accessed 24 August 2011.Archived24 August 2011. 
  8. Jump up^ Cook, Chris. “‘Neets’ account for 16% of young”. Financial Times . 24 August 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011.Archived24 August 2011.
    • For the brief, see: ” ” Neet Statistics – Quarter Brief: August 2011 ” “(PDF) . (202 KB) . Department for Education . 24 August 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011. Archived 25 August 2011. See webpage . 
  9. Jump up^ “Young people in education, employment or training (Vol 1)”, p. 6.
  10. Jump up^ Shepherd, Jessica. “Record number of young people not in education, work or training”. The Guardian . 24 February 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011.
  11. Jump up^ “‘Neet’ youths figure at second-quarter high”. BBC News. 24 August 2011. Accessed 24 August 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “Young people in education, employment or training (Vol 1)”, pp. 8-9.
  13. Jump up^ Cox, Simon. “A ‘Neet’ solution”. BBC News. Accessed 24 August 2011.
    • See also: Abrams, Adam. Lets Young People Down . Routledge . 2010. p. 2.
  14. ^ Jump up to:b Cox, Simon. “A ‘Neet’ solution” . BBC News . Accessed 24 August 2011.
  15. Jump up^ Smith, David. “Nobody Neets this lazy lot any more”. The Times . 7 January 2007. Accessed 25 August 2011.Archived24 August 2011.
  16. Jump up^ Webster, Colin (2007). Understanding Race and Crime . Open University Press. pp. 123-124.
  17. Jump up^ “Rise of the NEETs”. Local Government Improvement and Development. October 2009. Accessed 25 August 2011.Archived25 August 2011.
  18. Jump up^ “Young people in education, employment or training (Vol 1)”, pp. 6-7.
    • “Department for Education and Skills” . 2004 Spending Review: New Public Spending Plans 2005-2008 . HM Treasury . p. 87. Accessed 26 August 2011. Archived 25 August 2011.
  19. Jump up^ Dawson, Catherine (2010). Learn While You Earn . Kogan Page Publishers. Chapters 12-15.
  20. Jump up^ Lupton, Ruth; Heath, Natalie; Salter, Emma. “Education: New Labor’s top priority”. In: Hills, John; Sefton, Tom; Stewart, Kitty. (eds) (2009). Towards a More Equal Society ?: Poverty, Inequality and Policy Since 1997 . The Policy Press. p. 82.
    • For the definition of “suitable”, see: “Young people not in education, employment or training (Vol 1)”, p. 10.
  21. Jump up^ Goujard, Antoine; Petrongolo, Barbara; Van Reenen, John. “The Labor Market For Young People”. p. 47. In: Gregg, Paul; Wadsworth, Jonathan. (eds) (2011). The Labor Market in Winter: The State of Working Britain . Oxford University Press.
    • For when it went live, see: “Young people not in education, employment or training (Vol 1)”, p. 11.
    • For the extension, see: Hopkins, Kathryn. “2010 Budget: Jobs pledge for under-24s extended by a year” . The Guardian . 25 March 2010. Accessed 26 August 2011.
  22. Jump up^ “School leaving age plans unveiled”. BBC News. 6 November 2007. Accessed 25 August 2011.
    • Royal assent: “Education and Skills Bill 2007-08” . Accessed 26 August 2011.
    • See also: “Education and Skills Act 2008” . Accessed 26 August 2011.
  23. Jump up^ “Literature Review of the NEET Group”, p. 1.
  24. Jump up^ Brinton, Mary (2011). Lost in Transition: Youth, Work, and Instability in Postindustrial Japan. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  25. Jump up^ Toivonen, Tuukka (2013). Japan’s Emerging Youth Policy: Getting Young Adults Back to Work . London, Routledge.
  26. Jump up^ OECD Employment Outlook 2008 . Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2008. p. 27.
  27. Jump up^ Investing in Youth: Australia . Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2016. doi : 10.1787 / 9789264257498-en .
  28. Jump up^ “For almost a million young people: No job, no school” . The Globe and Mail . Retrieved 8 January 2016 .
  29. Jump up^ “200,000 young Quebeckers neither in employment nor in training -Martine Letarte” . Blogs from La Presse . Retrieved 8 January 2016 .
  30. Jump up^
  31. Jump up^ “Los” Nini “: jóvenes that neither estudian nor trabajan” . May 11, 2010 . Retrieved 8 January 2016 .
  32. Jump up^ “Youth Unemployment an Even Bigger Problem in US than in Europe –” . . Retrieved 8 January 2016 .

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