Labor rights in Azerbaijan

Labor rights in Azerbaijan . Everyone including foreigners and non-citizens has the right to work in the Republic of Azerbaijan . [1] Nobody may be deprived of a right to work based on discrimination on citizenship, sex, race, nationality, language, place of residence, economic status, social origin, age, family circumstances, religion, political views, affiliation with trade unions or other public associations, professional standing, beliefs, or other similar factors. All persons are free to choose their workplace, profession, and activity. Everybody is free to work or not to work. Compulsory labor is forbidden by legislation in force of Azerbaijan. In other words, no one can be forced to work in the country. If one has a status of”Unemployed” the state has to pay social allowances to him or her. Furthermore, the state must endeavor to eliminate unemployment in the country. [2]

Basic rights and obligations of the employees and employers

Rights and obligations of the employees

Labor Relations entre year employee and use are set up as from the employment Contact caries into force. Labor legislation determines the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers. The workers-have right recevoir Appropriate salary for his or her work and social insurance paid by employed, to work under safety and healthy conditions to join trade unions or other organization and others. [3] At the same time, the employees of the workplace, the discipline of occupational safety, the disclosure of conditions and trade secrets , and any other cause of the violation of labor and their co-workers. [4]

Rights and obligations of the employers

Employers have to respect the rights of employees. Collective agreements and labor legislation in force. All judgments and decisions of judicial or quasi-judicial bodies Employers have to try to be a social worker, to establish and maintain a healthy work environment, and to work with others in the workplace. on gender and sexual harassment. [5]

Employers have a right to impose disciplinary measures on employment because of the violation of labor legislation in force, and employment contract. In addition, they are entitled to claim compensation for damages caused by employees. [6]

Criminal liability for violation of labor legislation

It is forbidden to force a person to work by intimidation, harassment, use of force, or the restriction of one’s freedom. This action is punished by imprisonment for four years. The punishment may increase, for example, if the same action causes the death of someone. [7]

An offense in the care of a person or a person who is guilty of serious misconduct or death. [8]

The persons may not be employed unless the employment contract comes into force. The authorities who are responsible for this crime under the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan. [9]

Unreasonable termination of employment contract with a woman because of her pregnancy or 3 year old child. The regulation is the same for a man who brings up his child alone. [10]

International Labor Organization and Azerbaijan

International Labor Organization

Azerbaijan became a member of the International Labor Organization on May 1992. ILO opened its local office in Azerbaijan in 2003. [11] Until the end of September 2017, Azerbaijan has ratified 58 Conventions and 1 Additional Protocols within the framework of ILO. All fundamental and governance conventions of ILO have been ratified by Azerbaijan. [12] On 18-19 November 2010, Baku , the capital of Azerbaijan, played host to the 3rd Conference of the Regional Alliance of Labor Inspections. The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the People of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the International Association of Labor Inspections, ILO and World Bank together organized the Conference. [13]

See also

  1. Children’s rights in Azerbaijan
  2. Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population

References

  1. Jump up^ “Article 35 of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic” (PDF) .
  2. Jump up^ “Article 35 of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic” (PDF) .
  3. Jump up^ “Article 9 of the Labor Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  4. Jump up^ “Article 10 of the Labor Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  5. Jump up^ “Article 12 of the Labor Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  6. Jump up^ “Article 11 of the Labor Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  7. Jump up^ “Article 144-2 of the Criminal Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  8. Jump up^ “Article 162 of the Criminal Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” (PDF) .
  9. Jump up^ “Article 162-1 of the Criminal Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” .
  10. Jump up^ “Article 164 of the Criminal Code of the Azerbaijan Republic” (PDF) .
  11. Jump up^ FS. “The Republic of Azerbaijan and International Labor Organization (ILO)” . un.mfa.gov.az . Retrieved 2017-09-30 .
  12. Jump up^ “Ratifications of ILO Conventions: Ratifications for Azerbaijan” . www.ilo.org . Retrieved 2017-09-30 .
  13. Jump up^ FS. “The Republic of Azerbaijan and International Labor Organization (ILO)” . un.mfa.gov.az . Retrieved 2017-09-30 .

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