Legal working age

The legal working age is the minimum age required by law for a person to work, in each country or jurisdiction .

Some types of labor are available for the age of majority . Activities that are dangerous, harmful to the health or that may affect the morals of minors fall into this category.


This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 Kenya 13 (Easy Work)
16 (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18 (Unrestricted) [1]


Country Legal Working Age
 Antigua and Barbuda 14: (Restricted working hours)
18: (Unrestricted) [2]
 argentina It is forbidden to employ workers under 18 years of age for arduous, unhealthy, or hazardous work.
14: The working week for young workers between 14 and under 16 years of age should be more 6 hours per day and 36 hours per week.
16: Young workers aged 18 to 18 years of age, have the right to work during normal business hours!
18: Unrestricted [3]
 Bahamas 14: (travail dans le temps des enfants et de la sécurité des enfants) four hours, in a non-school day, for not more than twenty hours.)
18: (Unrestricted) [4]
 barbados 16: (Employment during school hours is prohibited; Industrial work is prohibited)
18: (Unrestricted) [5]
 bolivia 10: Independent work (eg, street selling) with parental permission and government
12: Contract work (for a boss) with parental permission and government supervision; no more than 6 hours per day, not during school hours, and if it does not interfere with schooling
 brazil In Brazil, any work for minors under 16 years of age is forbidden, except for apprentices, who can start working at 14 years old. Until the age of 18, it is strictly prohibited for the unhealthy conditions. [6]
14: Only apprentices can start working. It’s forbidden to work in any other job.
16: Teenagers are allowed to work in any job, but they are prohibited to work or dangerous conditions.
18: Unrestricted.
 British Virgin Islands
[ show ]Legal working age by Province
 Caribbean Netherlands
 Cayman Islands
 Costa Rica 16
 dominica 12: (No person `shall take Into His employment or employee in Any occupation whatsoever Any Child; aim a Child May be employed in the domestic work or agricultural work of a light kind at home by the parent or guardian of the child.)
18: (Unrestricted) [18]
 Dominican Republic
 El Salvador 18: (Unrestricted) [19]
Children below the age 14 are not allowed to enter the workforce. Minors between the ages of 14 and 18 can work with their family.
 jamaica 16
 mexico 14: (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18: (Unrestricted) [20]
 Puerto Rico
 Saint Barthelemy
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Sint Maarten
 Trinidad and Tobago 16
 Turks and Caicos Islands
 United States
[ show ]Federal legal working age legislation
[ show ]State laws: Alabama-Hawaii
[ show ]State laws: Idaho-Massachusetts
[ show ]State laws: Michigan-New Mexico
[ show ]State laws: New York-South Dakota
[ show ]State laws: Tennessee-Wyoming, Puerto Rico


This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 china 16
 taiwan A worker over fifteen years old, but less than sixteen years old, will be considered as a child worker.
16: No child and no worker in the future.
18: (Unrestricted). [38]
 Iran 15: Minimum employment age
18: Hard Work
21 (Unrestricted) [39]
 malaysia 14: Easy Work.
16: (Unrestricted). [40]
 indonesia 13: Minimum Employment age.
15: Restricted working hours and the type of work.
18: (Unrestricted). [41]
 philippines 15: (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18: (Unrestricted) [42]
 singapore 13: Generally, a child must be at least 13 years of age before he can start working. The minimum age of employment is governed by the Employment Act and the Employment (Children and Young Persons) Regulations, and is enforced by the Ministry of Manpower.
15: Young persons above 15 may work in an industrial environment. However, the employer must inform the Commissioner of Labor within his employment, and submit a medical certificate certifying his fitness for work.
16: Generally speaking, a person who is above the age of 16 is not a child or a young person, and is considered an adult worker (Unrestricted). [43]
 Vietnam 15


Country Legal Working Age
 albania 14: (Easy work performed at school holidays)
16: (Unrestricted) [44]
 andorra (Minimum 6 hours per day, minimum 6 hours per day) Minimum stay 16 hours
(maximum 8 hours per day, minimum 1 hours break; of rest per week)
18: (Unrestricted) [45]
 armenia 16: (Unrestricted; No person under the age of 16 is allowed to work in Armenia) [46]
 austria 14: (With many restrictions within a family setting)
15: (With minor restrictions assuming compulsory school years have been finished)
18: Unrestricted [47]
 belarus 18
 belgium 15: (Must have completed 2 years of secondary education; restricted to light work)
16: (only light work)
18 Unrestricted
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15: (Restricted to light work; Restricted working hours)
18: (Unrestricted) [48]
 bulgaria 13: (Strictly regulated)
15: (Strictly regulated)
: (Unrestricted) [49]
 croatia 15: (Restricted by the Labor Laws)
18: (Unrestricted) [50]
 cyprus 15: (Restricted by the Labor Laws)
18: (Unrestricted)
 Czech Republic 14: (
Restricted occupations and working hours) 15
: (Unrestricted) [51]
 denmark None:
13: (Children 13-15 years of age may only perform light work, that is not in the vicinity of machinery in the school, the maximum working time may not exceed 35 hours per week.)
15: (Young people up to The working time may not be between 18.00 and 6.00 clock on weekdays between 14.00 and 6.00 clock on holidays or Sundays. exceed 40 hours.)
18: (Unrestricted) [52]
 estonia 13: A person aged 13 may work under restrictions and parental permission.
15: Minimum Employment age. Minors under the age of 18 are restricted to working hours and certain occupations.
18: Unrestricted. [53]
 finland 14: Someone aged 14 may practice “light work”.
15: Minimum Employment age. Minors under the age of 18 are restricted to working hours and certain occupations.
18: Unrestricted. [54]
 la France 14: (only for light work, regulated by Labor Code ; Parental permission is needed)
16: (No working at night; Parental permission is needed)
18: (Unrestricted) [55]
 germany 13: (with parental permission and only easy work for example: paper round)
15: (Part-time work with less than 8 hours per day and maximum 40 hours per week; No work on weekends, statutory holidays and at night time in an imperiling environment). Further restrictions for work break and minimum vacation days.
18: Unrestricted [56]
 hungary 16: (The Hungarian Labor Code allows for the employment of people over 16 years old.) Young workers apply a two-year period of protection at the time of their working day. If you work at a minimum of 4.5 hrs., They are entitled to 30 minutes break, nor can they be employed on a night shift.)
18: (Unrestricted) [57]
 iceland 13: (. Only safe and easy work Subject to restrictions on working time related to mandatory schooling.) [58]
16: (Employers-have a duty to protect young workers from working in difficulty and dangerous Conditions In Some Sectors aussi apply to restrictions on working time.)
18: (Unrestricted) [59]
 ireland 14: (People aged under 16 years are not allowed to work full-time (full-time) The work of persons entre les ages of 14 and 15 years must be Obliged to comply with requirements.
• perform light work During the holidays – a person must necessarily have at least 21 days off work
• work
in the film, when cultural undertakings, in advertising, or in connection with sporting events.)
16: (People aged 16 and 17 years old 6.00 and 22.00)
18: (Unrestricted.) [60]
 italy 15: (Restricted working hours and the type of work.)
18: (Unrestricted) [61]
 latvia 15: (People between 15 and 18 years of age may be more than 7 hours a day and 35 hours per week (including time learning – if they learn). also
: 18: (Unrestricted) [62]
 liechtenstein 14: (For light it is feasible to hire 14-year-olds – but not along than 9 hours per week During the school year and 15 hours a week During the holidays.)
15: (People aged over 15 purpose under 18 May work no more than 40 hours per week.)
18: (Unrestricted) [63]
 lithuania 14: (Under certain conditions it is also possible to employ people over 14 years old but under 16 years of age. A week during the holidays – 7 hours a day and 35 hours per week.
16: (Persons who have completed 16 years but did not reach the age of majority .)
18: (Unrestricted) [64]
 malta 16: (Until they reach adulthood under the special protection of the law. work between the hours of 22 and 6 am.)
18: (Unrestricted) [65]
 Netherlands 13: (The minimum age of employment under the supervision of a guarantee of a minimum wage.)
15: (The right to the minimum wage.)
16: (Persons over 16 years but less than 18 years, has most of the rights and obligations as workers age.,
18, (Unrestricted) [66]
 norway 13:
15 (Restricted working hours and the type of work.) [67]
18: (Unrestricted) [68]
 poland None: (Cultural and artistic field)
16: (Light work only)
18: (Unrestricted) [69]
 Portugal 16: (Restricted working hours and the type of work.)
18: (Unrestricted) [70]
 russia None: Must have parental permission, and must not be allowed to work in school or violate public morality.
14: (Light work only, must have parental permission.)
16: (Restricted working hours)
18: Unrestricted
 serbia 18
 spain 16: (Must have parental permission)
18: Unrestricted
 sweden None: Restricted working hours and shortened working week.
13: (Light work only.)
Restricted working hours
18: (Unrestricted) [71]
switzerland Age 13: (Must have parental permission, only easy work)

  • During school weeks: Maximum 3 hours per day; and 9 hours per week.
  • During non-school weeks: Maximum 8 hours per day; and 40 hours per week.

Age 15: (Must have parental permission)

  • High 9 hours per day; and 45-50 hours per week. Working maximum until 8 pm

Age 16: Minimum age to serve someone in restaurants, coffee or hotels. Minimum age to work in a circus or cinema.

  • Working maximum until 10 pm

Age 18: Unrestricted (and the minimum age to work in: Bars, Discos, Dancinghalls and Nightclubs) [72]

 United Kingdom 13: (For restricted part-time work, with some restrictions like not working before 7am or after 7pm, during school hours, in a hazardous environment, etc. education and not entitled to a minimum wage)16: (For full employment and minimum wage claim)
18: (To work at a place where alcohol and alcohol are more important, such as pubs, bars and night clubs) [73]


This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 australia Varies by state and territory (Mostly 15) [74]
 New Zealand 16: (Restricted Working Hours)
18: For Full Time Work
20: No Restrictions [75]

See also

  • Child labor
  • Index of youth rights-related articles
  • Minimum Age Convention, 1973
  • School leaving age
  • Youth
  • Youth suffrage
  • Youth rights
  • Age of candidacy


  1. Jump up^
  2. Jump up^ Labor Code ActDIVISION E: Women, Young Persons and Children (Employment) (Antigua and Barbuda)
  3. Jump up^–en/index.htm
  4. Jump up^ Employment Act, 2001PART X – CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS (Bahamas).
  5. Jump up^ Employment (Miscellaneous Provisions) ActPART III: Employment of young persons (Barbados)
  6. Jump up^ “Sou menor de idade, when did you come back to work?” (in Portuguese). Exame . April 30, 2015 . Retrieved 2 February 2017 .
  7. Jump up^ “Here’s the Law” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  8. Jump up^ “Government of BC, Labor and Citizens’ Services, Employment Standards Branch, Employment of Young People Factsheet” . Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  9. Jump up^ “Employment Standards” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  10. Jump up^ “Employment of Children” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  11. Jump up^ Employment of Children (Newfoundland and Labrador)
  12. Jump up^ “Employment of Children” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  13. Jump up^ “Minimum age” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  14. Jump up^ Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. “Labor: Employment Standards” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  15. Jump up^ “Work performed by children” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  16. Jump up^ “Module 1 – What keeps workplaces fair and safe?” . Retrieved 28 July2015 .
  17. Jump up^ “Employment Standards” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN (PROHIBITION) ACTProhibition of employment of a child. (Dominica)
  19. Jump up^ “El Salvador Working conditions, Information on Working conditions in El Salvador” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  20. Jump up^
  21. ^ Jump up to:b The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended 29 USC 201, et seq: Sec. 213 (d)
  22. Jump up^ The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended 29 USC 201, and seq: Sec. 213 (c) (1) (c); Dry. 213 (c) (3);
  23. Jump up^ The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended 29 USC 201, and seq: Sec. 213 (c) (2); Dry. 213 (5); Dry. 213 (6)
  24. Jump up^ The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended 29 USC 201, and seq: Sec. 213 (c) (5) (B) (ii); Dry. 213 (c) (5) (B) (iv) (III); Dry. 213 (c) (5) (C) (i) 🙁 I), (II); Dry. 213 (c) (7) (A) (ii) (II)
  25. Jump up^ Child LaborAlabama Alabama Department of Labor, Montgomery 2009. Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  26. Jump up^ Alabama Code – Section 25-8-32. Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  27. Jump up^ “Summary of Alaska Child Labor Law” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  28. Jump up^ Arizona Revised Statutes: Article 3 Youth Employment
  29. Jump up^ CHILD LAWS LABOR(ArkansasDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  30. Jump up^ CALIFORNIA CHILD LABOR LAWS(CaliforniaDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  31. Jump up^ COLORADO YOUTH EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY ACT, TITLE 8, ARTICLE 12, CRS(ColoradoDepartment of Labor and Employment Division of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  32. Jump up^ Time & Hour Restrictions For 16 & 17 Year-Old Minors(By Industry) (Connecticut)
  33. Jump up^ Connecticut General Statutes for the Connecticut Department of Labor(ConnecticutDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  34. Jump up^ Delaware TITLE Code 19 – Labor General Provisions – CHAPTER 5. CHILD LABOR(DelawareDelaware Online Code). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  35. Jump up^ The State of Florida and the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)(FloridaDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
  36. Jump up^ [1]
  37. Jump up^ Child Labor(HawaiiDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
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  39. Jump up^ “Iran Labor Law” . Retrieved 27 August 2017 .
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  44. Jump up^ Neni 98 – Minimal Mosha. Minimum working age inAlbania.
  45. Jump up^ Llei 8/2003, del 12 de juny, sober and contract of treball. . Minimum working age inAndorra.
  47. Jump up^ Kinder und Jugendlichen-Beschäftigungsgesetz 1987 Fassung vom 09.01.2017. Minimum working age inAustria.
  48. Jump up^ Zakon O RADUminimum working age inBosnia and Herzegovina.
  49. Jump up^ Protection of minors (EU). Minimum working age inBulgaria.
  50. Jump up^ Zakon o raduminimum working age inCroatia.
  51. Jump up^ zákon c. 65/1965Minimum working age inCzech Republic(Labor Law).
  52. Jump up^ Bekendtgørelse om unges arbejdeMinimum working age inDenmark(Labor law).
  53. Jump up^ Töölepingu seadus § 7. Töölepingu sõlmimine alaealisegaThe Employment Contracts Act § 7 Conclusion of an employment contract with a minor (Estonia).
  54. Jump up^ Nuori työntekijä: Alle 15-vuotiaan töihinottoEmployment laws (Finland).
  55. Jump up^ “Labor Code – Legifrance” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  56. Jump up^ “JArbSchG – Einzelnorm” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  57. Jump up^ . Missing or empty( help ) |title=
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  68. Jump up^
  69. Jump up^ “Labor code” .
  70. Jump up^ “GDDC – Human Direitos: Textos Internacionais – Textos Universais” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  71. Jump up^
  72. Jump up^ Jugendarbeitsschutz – Schweizer EidgenossenschaftPublication of theState Secretaryof Economic Affairs(SECO)and theFederal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research (Eidgenössisches Departement für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung (WBF)).
  73. Jump up^ “What kind of work can be done by children aged 13?” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  74. Jump up^ “What age can I start work?” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  75. Jump up^ [2]New Zealand Department of Labor

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